Program outcomes (POs)

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE- Bachelor of Commerce (B. Com)

B Com program aims to equip students with a range of skills and knowledge related to business and commerce. Here are some common program outcomes for a B Com:

PO1 Understanding of Business Principles:

Demonstrate a comprehensive understanding of fundamental business concepts, including marketing, finance, accounting, management, and economics.

PO2 Analytical and Critical Thinking:

Develop strong analytical and critical thinking skills to analyse business problems, make informed decisions, and propose effective solutions.

PO3 Communication Skills:

Communicate effectively in written and oral forms, both within a business context and with external stakeholders.

PO4 Quantitative Skills:

Apply quantitative methods and mathematical concepts to analyse and interpret business data, financial statements, and economic trends.

PO5 Ethical Decision-Making:

Understand and apply ethical principles in business decision-making and demonstrate awareness of social responsibility and sustainability issues.

PO6 Information Technology Proficiency:

Use information technology tools and systems relevant to business operations, including proficiency in spreadsheet applications, databases, and other business software.

PO7 Global Business Awareness:

Develop an understanding of the global business environment, including international trade, cross-cultural issues, and the impact of globalization on business.

PO8 Teamwork and Leadership:

Work effectively in a team and demonstrate leadership skills, including the ability to motivate and manage individuals or groups.

PO9 Entrepreneurial Mind-set:

Foster an entrepreneurial mind set by understanding the principles of innovation, creativity, and the process of starting and managing a business.

PO10 Professionalism:

Develop a professional demeanour, including effective time management, organizational skills, and an understanding of business etiquette.

PO11 Adaptability and Continuous Learning:

Adapt to changes in the business environment and demonstrate a commitment to lifelong learning, staying updated on industry trends and developments.

Program Specific Outcomes (PSOs)

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE- Bachelor of Commerce (B. Com)

PSO1 Understanding of key business concepts, including accounting, finance, marketing, management, and economics.

PSO2 Developing graduates who will be financially literate, able to analyze financial statements, understand financial markets, and make informed financial decisions.

PSO3 Develop strong analytical skills, allowing them to assess and solve complex business problems.

Course Outcome (COs)

DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE- Bachelor of Commerce (B. Com)



CO1. Understand the different accounting standards used in accounting.

CO2. Acquire the basic knowledge of the terms such as, single entry system, statement of   affairs.

CO3. To understand the meaning of departmental accounts, inter departmental transfer, need for departmental accounts, basis for allocation of expenses.

CO4. Acquire the knowledge of hire purchase and instalment purchase, down payment.

CO5. Understand features of hire purchase and instalments system and difference between   higher   purchase and instalment system.


CO1. Understand the concept, definition, nature, scope and importance of environment and        ecosystem, consider the relationship between man and environment

CO1. Learn different types of resources. Understand the resource utilization pattern. CO1.  Look in to       the threats and solutions towards resource use.

CO1. Understand the importance of human resources in environment as well as the need to have an optimum population in the world.

CO1. Understand the patterns of global urban growth and problems of excess urbanization. Think about the concept of smart cities.


CO1. Understand the fundamental concepts and tools of Microeconomics and determination of  equilibrium price.

CO1. Study the basics of market demand, market supply and equilibrium price. And to study shifts in the demand and supply curves and equilibrium.

CO1. Develop a sound knowledge of business decision-making, basic tools of economic analysis and the behavior of consumers in achieving the objectives of maximum satisfaction.

CO1. Explain the nature of demand curve under different market structures and the significance and methods of demand forecasting.

CO1. Analyze the input-output relationship of a firm in the short and long run and its application in selecting the optimal input combination to maximization production.

CO1. Study different concept of cost and analyze the cost-output relationship in the short and long run.


CO1. Developing the effective writing and reading skills so as to enable students to write in clear, concise, persuasive and audience centered manner.

CO2. Demonstrate the effective use of communication technology.

CO3. To enhance listening, speaking, reading and writing skills to meet the challenges of the world.

CO4. Corresponding with different letter writing and understand the differences of communication in different criteria.

CO5. Taking up tutorial activities like Group Discussion, Book Reviews and Mock Interviews made the students clearly to understand the concepts.


CO1. To understand technical terms involved on business transaction.

CO2. We need to understand concept of mutual fund and shares in day-to-day life.

CO3. To understand meaning of linear programming problem, formulation of linear   programming problem and how to find optimal solution using LPP.

CO4.  We need to understand what is statistics and why would learn it?

CO5. To understand various trends of the data are presented in the form of diagrams &       graphs.

CO6. To understand measuring of Central Tendency and dispersion. To present a brief picture of data.

CO7. To understand the concept probability and various rules of probability to measure the    uncertainty.


CO1. Students would become fully conversant with the aspects of business, elements of business  environment, entrepreneurship and setting up of business unit.

CO2. Students would appreciate the importance of business in a developing economy students will consider entrepreneurship as a career option.


CO1. Develop a basic understanding of human rights and their significance in society.

CO2. Understand the different types of human rights violations, including political, economic, social, and cultural rights violations.

CO3. Analyse and evaluate the impact of human rights violations on individuals and communities, as well as on society as a whole.

CO4. Develop critical thinking and analytical skills in interpreting the causes and consequences of human rights violations.

CO5. Understand the legal and ethical considerations surrounding human rights violations, including international laws, treaties, and conventions.